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Surrounded by historical monuments and the site of political demonstrations and national celebrations, Plaza de Mayo reflects the interesting history of Buenos Aires and Argentina. It was mapped out in 1580 by Juan de Garay during the foundation of the city. Today the square is widely considered to be the most important in Argentina.
Plaza de Mayo takes its name from the 1810 May Revolution, which saw Buenos Aires declare itself independent from Spain, thus instigating the Argentine War of Independence. Check out the centerpiece, Pirámide de Mayo, an obelisk erected in 1811 to honor the first anniversary of independence.
Dominating the square’s east side is the pink 19th-century government house, Casa Rosada. Look for arcaded balconies from where political leaders such as Juan and Eva Perón have addressed the nation. Free guided tours of the building are available on weekends and there’s a small museum with displays of political artifacts, open Wednesday through Sunday. Standing in front of the house is an equestrian statue of General Manuel Belgrano, a significant military leader and the creator of the Argentine flag.
Other notable buildings surrounding the square include the Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral and the impressive Banco de la Nación building, constructed by revered local architect Alejandro Bustillo. Visit the whitewashed Cabildo (Old City Hall), which has a small museum and hosts an artisan market on Thursdays and Fridays.
One of the most poignant aspects of the square is a weekly vigil held by the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo. Every Thursday afternoon since 1977, women wearing white headscarves have come to demonstrate against the disappearance of their children during Argentina’s dictatorship years.
Free live music events are common at Plaza de Mayo and contribute to the celebration of important dates in Argentine history. Most notable are May Revolution Day on May 25 and Independence Day on July 9. You’ll find plenty of benches to sit on, while pondering past events and watching modern city life pass by.
Situated in the Montserrat neighborhood, Plaza de Mayo is a short walk from Buenos Aires’ city center. The square is easily accessible by public buses and the metro.
We know you really want to get the most out of your time at Plaza de Mayo. So, we've rounded up some of the coolest things you can do here:
Peruse our Buenos Aires things to do page to find more activities while you're here.
Located in Buenos Aires Central Business District, this luxury hotel is steps from Cabildo, Plaza de Mayo, and Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral. Casa Rosada and Florida Street are also within 5 minutes. Bolivar Station is only a 2-minute walk and Cathedral Station is 2 minutes.
Located in Buenos Aires Central Business District, this romantic hotel is steps from Florida Street and Galerias Pacifico. Teatro Colon and Luna Park are also within 10 minutes. Florida Station and Lavalle Station are within a 5-minute walk.
Located in Puerto Madero, this luxury hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Women's Bridge, Presidente Sarmiento Frigate Ship Museum, and Centro Cultural Kirchner. Coleccion de Arte Amalia Lacroze de Fortabat and Casa Rosada are also within 15 minutes. Buenos Aires Corrientes Station is 7 minutes by foot and Leandro N Alem Station is 11 minutes.
Located in Buenos Aires Central Business District, this hotel is within 1 mi (2 km) of Palace of the Argentine National Congress, Obelisco, and Teatro Colon. Florida Street and Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral are also within 1 mi (2 km). Congress Station and Callao Station are within a 5-minute walk.
Located in Retiro, this hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Florida Street, Teatro Colon, and Plaza San Martin. Obelisco and Torre de los Ingleses are also within 15 minutes. San Martin Station is only a 5-minute walk and Lavalle Station is 6 minutes.
Located in Buenos Aires Central Business District, this luxury hotel is within a 5-minute walk of Galerias Pacifico and Florida Street. Centro Cultural Kirchner and Casa Rosada are also within 15 minutes. Buenos Aires Cordoba Station is only a 4-minute walk and Leandro N Alem Station is 7 minutes.
This family-friendly Buenos Aires hotel is located in the historical district, within a 10-minute walk of Cafe Tortoni, Cabildo, and Plaza de Mayo. Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral and Casa Rosada are also within 10 minutes. Belgrano Station is only a 2-minute walk and Moreno Station is 3 minutes.
Located in Buenos Aires Central Business District, this hotel is within a 10-minute walk of Lavalle Street, Obelisco, and Teatro Colon. Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral and Cabildo are also within 15 minutes. Lima Station and Mayo Avenue Station are within a 5-minute walk.